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Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Centre

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City is one of the world’s premier cancer treatment and research facilities.

MSK Cancer Center was founded in 1884 as New york cancer on Manhattan’s upper side by a group of people including John J. Astor and his wife, Charlotte, and has since become a world-renowned cancer treatment and research organisation. The hospital provides a comprehensive range of services, including cancer diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up care.

MSK Cancer Center is well-known for its interdisciplinary approach to cancer care, which entails a multidisciplinary team of physicians collaborating to establish tailored treatment programs for each patient. Oncologists, surgeons, radiation therapists, pathologists, and other healthcare experts work together to offer the best treatment possible.

The hospital is also known for its cutting-edge research initiatives aimed at creating novel cancer treatments and cures. MSK Cancer Center has a long history of cancer research discoveries, such as the creation of immunotherapy medicines, gene therapy, and targeted therapies.

MSK Cancer Center is dedicated to teaching and outreach in addition to clinical and research initiatives. They provide a variety of educational activities and materials for patients and families, as well as healthcare professionals and the general public.

For more than 30 years, Memorial Sloan Kettering has been ranked as one of the top two cancer hospitals in the United States, and it is also one of the best pediatric cancer hospitals in the country. Furthermore, the 2019 Bets doctor edition of New York magazine honored more physicians from Memorial Sloan Kettering than from any other New York institution.

Let’s look at the timeline of breakthroughs Memorial sloan had in decades.


  • A Novel Gene Function: Timothy Chan’s, Ross Levine’s, Ingo Mellinghoff’s, and Craig Thompson’s laboratories discovered in 2012 that mutations in particular metabolic enzymes cause cancer by altering how DNA is structured in the cell. The findings were reported in Nature.
  • Defined Exceptional Responders: The laboratories of Michael Berger, Timothy Chan, David Solit, and Barry Taylor have linked a full response to the medication everolimus (Afinitor®, Zortress®) to TSC1 mutations. The findings, published in Science, mark the beginning of the National Cancer Institute’s Extraordinary Responders Program.
  • Targeting Prostate Cancer: Charles Sawyers and colleagues discovered in 2013 how the glucocorticoid receptor serves as a bypass in antiandrogen-resistant cancers. Cell reported the findings.
  • Drug Resistant Mutations in Breast Cancer: It was discovered in 2013. The laboratories of Michael Berger and Sarat Chandarlapaty uncover mutations in the estrogen receptor’s ligand-binding region (ESR1). These findings were reported in the journal Nature Genetics.
  • Genomic’s prediction of immunotherapy response: The Timothy Chan and Jedd Wolchok laboratories examine and analyze genetic variants across cancer patients in 2014 to predict who reacts best to anti-CTL4A and anti-PD1 immunotherapy, leveraging the patient’s immune system to combat cancer. The findings were published in Science and the New England Journal of Medicine.
  • Medicine for breast cancer: The Sarat Chandarlapaty and Maurizio Scaltriti laboratories demonstrated in Precision Medicine for Breast Cancer in 2015 that inhibiting the PI3K pathway upregulates estrogen receptor activity. The findings were published in Science Translational Medicine.
  • Mutation that can be targeted : it was discovered in 2015, The laboratories of Michael Berger, Timothy Chan, Ping Chi, James Fagin, and Marc Ladanyi uncover a new carcinogenic version of the ALK protein in melanoma and thyroid carcinomas, which is caused by an alternate transcription start site. The findings have been published in Science.
  • Leukaemia Targeted Treatment: The Omar Abdel-Wahab lab treated patients with genetically determined myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia in 2016 by targeting spliceosomal proteins. Nature Medicine reported the findings.
  • Scientific Discovery in 2019: Some immunotherapies are more effective in some malignancies than others. As scientists examined MSK-IMPACT and treatment data closely, they discovered that tumor mutation burden (TMB) predicts checkpoint inhibitor efficacy in a cancer-specific manner, making it a helpful decision-making tool for treating patients.
  • A Novel Oncogene: The FOXA1 gene, discovered in 2019, is mutated in 12% of prostate tumours, but its role was unknown. FOXA1 works as an oncogene in a newly characterised subtype of prostate cancer, pointing to potential targeted therapy to slow tumour development, according to the Sawyers group.
  • New perspective of testing: BRCA mutations are recognized risk factors for breast, ovarian, and other cancers, but the Taylor, Berger, and Solit laboratories show that BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation context is important: certain variants are drivers, while others are passengers, using computational approaches. This information influences therapeutic decisions. Nature published the findings.
  • Cancer Model in 2019: HOPP scientists and colleagues develop the first rectal cancer organoid models generated from patient tumors, paving the way for future research.
  • Scientific discovery of prostate cancer: The Sawyers lab reveals in 2020 that existing prostate cells may reprogram to become stem cells and subsequently modify their characteristics to resist cancer therapy.
  • A viable target has been identified: This was done in 2020. NRG1, which stimulates growth signals in tumor cells, is identified as a novel cause of treatment resistance in the Charles Sawyers lab. Medications that target these signals can improve sensitivity to antiandrogens and help keep prostate cancer at bay.
  • Scientific discovery in metastasis: Adrienne Boire and Dana Pe’er demonstrated how cancer cells survive in cerebrospinal fluid by reprogramming themselves to dominate available iron in the year 2020.

Memorial Sloan Kettering and MediPocket world

Many individuals fly all the way to America to get treated at what is regarded as the top hospital in the United States. This hospital’s specialists and experts have years of experience in their respective fields, resulting in superior diagnosis and treatment for patients. Those who can afford to fly to the United States and visit with a specialist at Memorial Sloan Kettering are fortunate; those who cannot, however, should not worry. We have the most suitable option for you.

MediPocket World virtually brings care and therapy from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center to Indian patients. For the first time in India, individuals may speak directly with cancer experts from renowned hospitals. Register now and book a free enquiry on MediPocket world.