Plastic surgery is a medical speciality that focuses on the repair, restoration, or modification of bodily structures. It can be aesthetic or reconstructive in nature, and it can include a variety of operations to enhance the look, function, or general health of the body.
The purpose of cosmetic plastic surgery is to improve a person’s physical look by performing treatments such as breast augmentation, liposuction, facelifts, and rhinoplasty. These operations are usually optional and are done to boost a person’s self-esteem and confidence.
Reconstructive plastic surgery, on the other hand, is concerned with repairing the body’s structures and functions that have been lost or destroyed as a result of accident, sickness, or congenital abnormalities. Breast reconstruction following a mastectomy, as well as cleft lip and palate repair, are examples of these operations.
Types of plastic surgery
There are several forms of plastic surgery, each with its own set of problems and aims. The following are some of the most popular forms of plastic surgery:
Breast surgery: Breast surgery techniques include breast augmentation, breast reduction, and breast lift.
Facial surgery: Facelifts, eyelid surgery, and rhinoplasty are examples of facial surgery procedures (nose job).
Body contouring: Body contouring operations include liposuction, stomach tucks, and body lifts, all of which can help remove extra skin and fat and enhance body form.
Reconstructive surgery: this technique is used to repair the function and appearance of bodily components that have been damaged by accident, disease, or congenital flaws. Breast reconstruction after a mastectomy and skin grafts to mend burns or other injuries are two examples.
Neck lift: This technique tightens and lifts the skin of the neck, eliminating drooping and wrinkles.
Thigh lift: To enhance the form and look of the thighs, extra skin and fat are removed.
Body lift: A body lift is similar to a stomach tuck in that it removes extra skin and fat from numerous parts of the body, including the abdomen, thighs, and buttocks.
Complications, Risk and reversals
Every operation carries hazards. Hematoma, nerve damage, infection, scarring, implant failure, and organ damage are all common cosmetic surgery problems. Several issues can arise with breast implants, including rupture. Eisenberg reported in a study of 4761 augmentation mammaplasty patients that overfilling saline breast implants 10-13% dramatically decreased the rupture-deflation rate to 1.83% at 8 years post-implantation. According to the FDA, one in every five patients who undergo breast augmentation implants will require them removed within ten years of implantation.
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