Rheumatology

Rheumatology is the study and treatment of rheumatic illnesses, which are ailments that affect the joints, muscles, and bones. Inflammation, autoimmune disorders, infections, and hereditary factors can all contribute to the development of these illnesses. Rheumatologists are medical specialists who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, lupus, gout, and other similar disorders. They employ a number of diagnostic methods, including blood tests and imaging scans, to aid in the identification of the underlying causes of these disorders and the development of tailored treatment programs to control symptoms and enhance quality of life.
Types of diseases
Rheumatologists diagnose and treat the following diseases

Arthritis degenerative

  • Osteoarthritis

Inflammatory arthropathies

  • Arthritis rheumatoid
  • Spondyloarthropathies
  • Ankylosing spondylitis Reactive arthritis  (reactive arthropathy) Psoriatic arthritis Enteropathic arthritis
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)
  • Gout and pseudogout – crystal arthropathies.
  • Arthritis septicum

Systemic illnesses and connective tissue disorders

  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
  • Sjögren’s syndrome
  • Scleroderma (systemic sclerosis)
  • Polymyositis
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Rheumatic polymyalgia
  • mixed connective tissue disease
  • Polychondritis relapsing
  • Adult-onset’s Still disease
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Myofascial pain syndrome
  • Vasculitis
  • Microscopic polyangiitis
  • Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Henoch–Schönlein purpura
  • Serum sickness
  • Giant cell arteritis, Temporal arteritis
  • Takayasu’s arteritis
  • Behçet’s disease
  • Kawasaki disease (mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome)
  • Thromboangiitis obliterans
  • Hereditary periodic fever syndromes

Soft tissue rheumatism

Local diseases and lesions affecting the joints and structures around the joints including tendons, ligaments capsules, bursae, stress fractures, muscles, nerve entrapment, vascular lesions, and ganglia. For example:

  • Tennis elbow
  • Golfer’s elbow
  • Olecranon bursitis
  • Low back pain
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Diagnosis and treatment

Rheumatology illness diagnosis and therapy often entail the following:

Diagnosis:

Treatment

The therapy for rheumatic illnesses will vary depending on the condition and severity of the symptoms. Early detection and treatment can assist to avoid or reduce joint deterioration, as well as enhance overall quality of life.

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